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Since late last year SWGfL have been involved in a project with the European Commission DG Justice to develop an approach to bullying that shifts from the linear perpetrator/victim to understanding and influencing the wider social dynamic around these incidents. The project focuses on developing the emotional intelligence of students (in this pilot 12-14 year olds) to verbalise, challenge, rationalise and intervene effectively when conflict arises through, amongst other things, SEL teaching and peer support programmes.
The project has very ambitious and aspirational objectives in curating current research and best practice to ultimately shape a more positive whole school and wider social climate; no mean feat. Part of that philosophy is the devolvement of the strategy across the whole school; all staff; all of the curriculum; students and the wider community.
The materials will be released (for free) in the New Year after an Autumn pilot; a set of 10 lessons; peer support implementation and resources; research summary and an implementation toolkit. Details can be found at enable.eun.org
Part of the approach is around how opportunities for expression, communication and discussion around these issues could capitalise on learning and techniques in other areas of the curriculum beyond the anticipated PHSE focus. It was an interesting challenge to explore how other multi-modal forms could act as a platform anti-bullying and the following list is a first attempt at rationalising some of those first thoughts.
I hope it is of some use.
ENABLE Multi-modal Activities
Whilst the lessons themselves consist of structured activities, there are additional supporting activities that are both cross-curricular in approach and take advantage of a variety of media.
The multi-modal approach encourages a range of benefits:
- Opportunities for reinforcing behavioural strategies across the broader curriculum
- Broadens ownership of ENABLE across a wider staff and student body
- Provides a variety of routes for students to express their emotional interpretations
- Opportunities for staff to capitalise on their own individual strengths and expertise
- Encourages a wide range of publishing platforms for students to communicate or celebrate their messages or achievement
- Reinforces emotional interpretation through a variety of media
The list below provides a non-definitive range of opportunities that staff may wish to explore to reinforce the ENABLE lesson content.
- Exploring authors who have written about emotion, trauma or resolution
- Poetry that expresses an emotional response to conflict
- Newspaper reports; writing in an investigative journalist style on an imaginary or real bullying incident that draws information, quotes and opinions from the people involved
- Example of a newspaper generator at http://newspaper.jaguarpaw.co.uk/
- Writing from the point of view of a police officer collecting evidence around an incident and witness statements.
- Writing frames, advice and guidance at https://www.teachervision.com/tv/printables/TCR/1576903443_69-79.pdf
Recounts of the same bullying incident based on role and perspective. Clear focus on opinion and how some of these roles may recount the incident.
Writing in a persuasive style to encourage change which could include:
- Making the case for a better school climate
- Persuading a non-participant to become an active agent for change
- Persuading a perpetrator to change their ways
Create an information leaflet/pamphlet on anti-bullying strategies with multiple contributions from the group. It could have a generic, country or school focus.
Information article on some of the key aspects of Emotional Intelligence and how it might impact on bullying
Writing frames and structures can be found at https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/non-chronological-leaflet-model-6445769
- Create short scenarios based on bullying incidents and share/publish with the wider group.
- Storyboard or enact scenarios you have created.
- Write a story in a fable genre whose message/moral reinforces an ENABLE strategy.
- Writing frames and advice on fable writing can be found on this Pinterest page
Poetry can offer a range of alternative avenues for expression that formal prose cannot. Some ideas and forms are listed below:
- Kennings https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-kennings
- Calligrams (Shape Poems) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calligram
- Haiku https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-haiku-poem
- Acrostic https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-acrostic
- Diamante http://www.poetry4kids.com/blog/lessons/how-to-write-a-diamante-poem/
- Cinquain https://www.youngwriters.co.uk/types-cinquain
- Song lyric http://www.wikihow.com/Write-Song-Lyrics
- Rhyming dictionary for song lyrics http://www.rhymezone.com/
- Rap http://www.rappad.co/
Comparison of different countries and incidents, pattern etc
- Legal perspectives
Mapping different approaches in other partner countries
Barriers to progress in a global village
- Environments online are global
- How does culture affect resolution?
- Soundscapes. Creating ambient backgrounds to associate with a variety of emotions. Using ambient sound to create a mood within a group or a classroom.
- Ambient music generator at http://www.dronefx.com/projects/dronefx/
- Ambient sound/atmosphere tool available at http://www.ambient-mixer.com/
Accompaniment. Using prepared backing tracks to sing lyrics over. (Karaoke tracks can be found on many music streaming sites that will have free trial accounts eg Spotify)
- Lyric composition
- Rhyming dictionaries http://www.rhymezone.com/
- Thesaurus http://www.thesaurus.com/
Structured musical pieces
For those students studying music or with musical ability, their own use of instruments and playing styles often offers additional opportunities for expression beyond the written.
For those students needing support there are many online composition tools that produce excellent results. Examples are:
- Soundation https://soundation.com/studio
- AudioSauna http://www.audiosauna.com/studio/
- OhmStudio https://www.ohmstudio.com/home
- Examples that reflect different emotions
- Examples that relay important messages
- Soundtrack choice for other activities
- Examples that affect mood in a classroom (background music)
- Web Research
- Academic articles
- Comparative sources
- Organisation websites
- Expert groups
- Personal websites
Press and media
- Examples to deconstruct for scenarios
- Examining press bias and or opinion
Social Media provides an excellent platform to share and publish ideas or to celebrate achievement through a whole variety of forms that includes:
- Blogs Blogger https://www.blogger.com/
- Web Create a website for free with Wix http://www.wix.com/
- Social media streams Twitter Facebook Instagram
Mindmapping is an effective medium for gathering ideas and forming and structuring strategies. Online collaborative mindmap programs allow a large number of people to contribute to the same map at once. Some examples are:
Collaborative writing and discussion can be also effective using the Google App suite of tools which can be found at https://www.google.co.uk/edu/products/productivity-tools/
Online tools provide a whole host of environments and media to express ideas. These include:
- Powerpoint https://office.live.com/start/PowerPoint.aspx
- Keynote https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/keynote/id361285480?mt=8
- HaikuDeck https://www.haikudeck.com/
- PowToon http://www.powtoon.com/
- VideoScribe http://www.videoscribe.co/
- Talking Heads
- Movie Trailers eg iMovie https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/imovie/id408981434?mt=12
- Recording sessions
- Periscope https://www.periscope.tv/
- Meerkat https://meerkatapp.co/
- Stringwire https://www.stringwire.com/
- Montage https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/montage-lite/id314957410?mt=8
- Collage http://www.photocollage.net/
- Recording sessions
- Illustration for written pieces
Social Media Streams
Film TV and Media as examples are a powerful medium to illustrate a wider range of emotions. Some sources may be found at:
- YouTube http://www.youtube.com/
- British Pathe News Resource http://www.britishpathe.com/
- British Film Institute Archive (UK Schools Only)
- Short plays
- Tableau and active drama
- Exploration of issues
- Practising effective strategies
- Examples of classic or modern art pieces that express particular emotions
- Grouping existing art pieces around a common theme
Sources of modern and classical art can be found at:
- Google LIFE archive http://images.google.com/hosted/life
- TATE Online http://www.tate.org.uk/
- National Gallery UK http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk
Exploring colour and abstract form in relation to emotion
- Still life tableau
- Comic Strip http://www.makebeliefscomix.com/Comix/
- Facial expressions Grimace http://www.grimace-project.net/ Brilliant resource.
- Posters Canva Poster Creator https://www.canva.com/create/posters/
- Flyers Flyerly https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/flyerly-create-share-flyers/id344130515?mt=8
- Logos Logos by Tweak https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/logos-by-tweak/id441978312?mt=8
- Prompt cards
- Comparative emotional vocabulary across languages
- Google Translate http://translate.google.com/
- Nuance and meaning
- Identifying issues
- Excel https://office.live.com/start/Excel.aspx
- Google Sheets https://www.google.com/sheets/about/
- Numbers http://www.apple.com/mac/numbers/